The suffixes –ant and –ance or –ent and –ence can often be added to the same root.
The man was hesitant.
His hesitance cost him vital seconds.
He is absent from the meeting.
The decision was made in my absence.
1. Words with the suffixes -ent and -ence go together:
Adjectives ending in –ent can change to make nouns ending in –ence:
- absent - absence
- evident - evidence
- violent - violence
- innocent - innocence
- patient - patience
- confident - confidence
2. Words with the suffixes -ant and -ance go together:
Adjectives ending in –ant can change to make nouns ending in –ance.
- distant distance
- fragrant fragrance
- elegant – elegance
- brilliant - brilliance
- important importance
He is confident (adjective) that we will win.
He has a lot of confidence (noun).
We are having an important (adjective) test on Friday.
We can’t forget the importance (noun) of this test.