Most weather phenomena occur in the lowest level of the atmosphere, the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather refers to day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity, whereas climate is the term for the averaging of atmospheric conditions over longer periods of time. When used without qualification, “weather” is generally understood to mean the weather of Earth.
These are some of the words we use to talk about the weather.
- Sunny (having a lot of light from the sun)
I hope it’s sunny tomorrow.
- Cloudy (water in the sky that appears as a white or grey mass)
Tomorrow, it will be cloudy and cool.
- Stormy (with strong winds, heavy rain, and dark clouds)
The sky was starting to look stormy.
- Dry (having very little rain or moisture)
Eastern areas should stay dry tomorrow.
- Muggy (muggy weather is unpleasantly warm and the air seems wet)
It was a warm muggy afternoon, and it looked like it would rain.
- Raw (very cold)
She shivered in the raw morning air.
- Misty (misty weather is weather with a lot of mist)
It was a gray and misty spring morning.
- Balmy (warm and pleasant)
The sun had lost its fierce heat and the air was golden and balmy.
- Clear (when the sky is blue because no clouds are blocking the sun)
The skies were clear and blue.
- Frosty (extremely cold)
They were both shivering slightly from the frosty air.