Vocabulary: Numbers in English

Expressing numbers in English can be confusing to ESL students...

In this lesson, we’ll learn numbers in English.

Table of Contents

Number Vocabulary in English

1.  Cardinals:

The cardinal numbers (one, two, three, etc.) are adjectives referring to quantity, and the ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.) refer to distribution.

Examples:

• There are only twelve students in the class.
• He was the fifth person to win the award
• Six hundred thousand people were left homeless after the earthquake.
• I must have asked you thousand times to be quiet.
• I went to Paris for the third time this year.

2. Reading Decimals:

• 0.5 – point five
• 0.25 – point two five
• 0.73 – point seven three
• 0.05 – point zero five
• 0.6529 – point six five two nine
• 2.95 – two point nine five

3. Reading Fractions:

• 1/3 – one third
• 3/4 – three fourths
• 5/6 – five sixths
• 1/2 – one half
• 3/2 – three halves

4. Pronouncing Percentages

• 5% – five percent
• 25% – twenty-five percent
• 36.25% – thirty-six point two five percent
• 100% – one hundred percent
• 400% – four hundred percent

5. Reading Sum of Money

• 25\$ – twenty-five dollars
• 52€ – fifty-two euros
• 140₤ – one hundred and forty pounds
• \$43.25 – forty-three dollars and twenty-five cents (shortened to “forty-three twenty-five” in everyday speech)
• €12.66 – twelve euros sixty-six
• ₤10.50 – ten pounds fifty

6.  Pronouncing Years

• 2017 – twenty seventeen or two thousand seventeen
• 2008 – two thousand eight
• 2000 – two thousand
• 1944 – nineteen forty-four
• 1908 – nineteen o eight
• 1900 – nineteen hundred
• 1600 – sixteen hundred
• 1256 – twelve fifty-six
• 1006 – ten o six
• 866 – eight hundred sixty-six or eight sixty-six

Confused
2
Confused
Sad
0
Sad
Geeky
24
Geeky
Haha
22
Haha
Wow
14
Wow
Hard
4
Hard
Easy
23
Easy
What?
2
What?

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