Using The Present Perfect Tense in English

The Present Perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.


0
4 comments, 9.1k shares

The Present Perfect tense is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.

The forms are present because they use the present tense of the auxiliary verb “have”, and perfect because they use that auxiliary in combination with the past participle of the main verb.

Forming the Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense is formed using the following structure:

  • Affirmative: Subject + Have / Has + Past Participle
  • Negative: Subject + Haven’t / Hasn’t + Past Participle
  • Question: Have / Has + Subject + Past Participle

The Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect

When Do We Use the Present Perfect Tense

To Show the Result of an Action

Present Perfect

To Talk about Actions that Started in the Past and Continue to the Present

the Present Perfect

Events that Have Occurred Up to Now (Yet)

already/ yet

Events that Occurred before You Expected (Already)

already/ yet

Events that Recently Occurred (Just)

just- already - yet

Express Frequency (Once/Twice/…)

once/ twice

Talking about General Experiences (Ever, Never)

ever/ never

Present Perfect simple

Events that Began in the Past and Haven’t Changed (For, Since)

for, since

Present Perfect - since

Present Perfect - for

The Differences between “For” and “Since”

“For” talks about a period or duration of time. It doesn’t have to be an exact number, but it needs to refer to a period of time.

For examples:

  • For the weekend: We’re going to New York for the weekend.
  • For ages: I’ve known you for ages.
  • For a long time: I have been studying English for a long time.

“Since” refers to a specific point in time

  • I have lived here since 2010.
  • It has been raining since 8 a.m
  • I have been walking since 5 p.m.

Differences between "For" and "Since"

present perfect simple

The Differences between Past Simple & Present Perfect

Past Simple vs. Present Perfect

Past Simple vs. Present Perfect

Past Simple vs. Present Perfect


Like it? Share with your friends!

0
4 comments, 9.1k shares

What's Your Reaction?

Confused Confused
2
Confused
Sad Sad
1
Sad
Geeky Geeky
1
Geeky
Haha Haha
3
Haha
Wow Wow
6
Wow
Hard Hard
2
Hard
Easy Easy
6
Easy
What? What?
3
What?
Rosie

Choose A Format
Personality quiz
Series of questions that intends to reveal something about the personality
Trivia quiz
Series of questions with right and wrong answers that intends to check knowledge
Poll
Voting to make decisions or determine opinions
Story
Formatted Text with Embeds and Visuals
List
The Classic Internet Listicles
Countdown
The Classic Internet Countdowns
Open List
Submit your own item and vote up for the best submission
Ranked List
Upvote or downvote to decide the best list item
Meme
Upload your own images to make custom memes
Video
Youtube, Vimeo or Vine Embeds
Audio
Soundcloud or Mixcloud Embeds
Image
Photo or GIF
Gif
GIF format