1. Phrasal verbs: THINKING AND LEARNING
- Brush up (on)
Meaning: Practice and improve your skills or knowledge of something
E.g. I must brush up on my Spanish before I go to Seville.
- Come (a)round (to)
Meaning: Change your opinion or decision because someone has persuaded you to agree with them
E.g. He'll never come round to our way of thinking.
- Come up with
Meaning: Think of something such as an idea or a plan
E.g. She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.
- Face up to
Meaning: Accept something and try to deal with it
E.g. She had to face up to the fact that she would never walk again.
- Figure out
Meaning: Be able to understand something or solve a problem; understand what someone is like and why they behave in the way they do
E.g. We couldn't figure her out.
- Hit upon/on
Meaning: Suddenly have an idea; discover something by chance
E.g. She hit on the perfect title for her new novel.
- Make out
Meaning: See, hear or understand someone or something with difficulty; suggest, imply
E.g. I could hear voices but I couldn't make out what they were saying.
- Mull over
Meaning: Think carefully about something over a period of time
E.g. I need some time to mull it over before making a decision.
- Piece together
Meaning: Learn the truth about something by considering all the separate bits of information you have
E.g. Police are trying to piece together the last hours of her life.
- Puzzle out
Meaning: Solve a confusing or complicated problem by thinking carefully about it
E.g. He was trying to puzzle out why he had been brought to the house.
- Read up (on/about)
Meaning: Get information on a particular subject by reading a lot about it
E.g. I'll need to read up on the case before the meeting.
- Swot up (on)
Meaning: Study something very hard, especially for an examination
E.g. Make sure you swot up on the company before the interview.
- Take in
Meaning: Understand and remember something that you hear or read
E.g. Halfway through the chapter I realized I hadn't taken anything in.
- Think over
Meaning: Consider a problem or decision carefully
E.g. He'd like more time to think things over.
- Think through
Meaning: Consider the facts about something in an organized and thorough way
E.g. They had failed to think the policy through.
- Think up
Meaning: Invent or imagine something, especially an excuse
E.g. Can't you think up a better excuse than that?
2. Idioms: THINKING AND LEARNING
- Go to your head
Meaning: If success goes to your head, it makes you think that you are better or more important than you really are
E.g. Fame and fortune had gone to his head.
- Have your wits about you
Meaning: Be able to think quickly and make sensible decisions
E.g. She managed to keep her wits about her and escaped unharmed.
- In the dark (about)
Meaning: Not knowing very much about something, because other people are keeping it secret from you
E.g. We are still very much in the dark about how the money was lost.
- Know what’s what
Meaning: Know the important facts about a situation
E.g. You have to know what'swhat and when to draw the line.
- Not have a leg to stand on
Meaning: Not have any way of proving that you are right about something
E.g. If you have no witnesses, you don't have a leg to stand on.
- Not see the wood for the trees
Meaning: Used for saying that someone cannot understand what is important in a situation because they are thinking too much about small details
E.g. He can't see the wood for the trees.
- Put two and two together
Meaning: Guess what is happening or what something means based on what you have seen or heard
E.g. "How did you know they were having an affair?" "I'd seen them out together a couple of times, so I just put two and two together."
- Quick/ slow on the uptake
Meaning: Taking a very short/long time to understand or realize something
E.g. He's a little slow on the uptake, so you may have to repeat the instructions a few times.
- Ring a bell
Meaning: Something that rings a bell sounds familiar to you, although you cannot remember the exact details
E.g. The name rings a bell but I can't think where I've heardit.
- Round the bend
Meaning: Crazy; insane
E.g. I'd tell you if you were going around the bend.
- Split hairs
Meaning: Argue or worry about very small details or differences that are not important
E.g. More than half the cases they complained aboutwere not, in fact, on Garzon's list, but let's not split hairs.
- Take stock (of)
Meaning: Spend some time thinking about the situation you are in before you decide what to do next
E.g. After two years spent teachingoverseas, she returned home for a month to take stock of her life.