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Human Body Parts and Internal Body Parts Vocabulary

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As humans, we rely on our body to carry out daily activities and functions. Understanding the various parts of our body is essential to maintaining good health and well-being. In this article, we will explore the vocabulary associated with human body parts and internal body parts.

Body Parts

The human body is the entire structure of a human being. It is made up of many different parts. There are those parts located outside (external body parts) and others located inside the body (internal body parts) :

  • Head
  • Ear
  • Face
  • Neck
  • Arm
  • Elbow
  • Forearm
  • Sublingual glands
  • Pharynx
  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small intestine
  • Duodenum
  • Jejunum
  • Ileum
  • Large intestine
  • Liver
  • Thigh
  • Knee
  • Leg
  • Foot…

These internal and external body parts have various functions in the body, such as digestion, excretion, breathing, circulation,reproduction.

Human Body Parts Vocabulary 

The Human Body Vocabulary: Let’s Explore the Human Body!

External Body Parts

External body parts are those parts located outside the body and can be seen:

1. Head

  • Ear
  • Face
  • Eye
  • Cheek
  • Nose
  • Mouth
  • Chin
  • Neck

2. Trunk

  • Thorax
  • Abdomen
  • Pelvis
  • Back

3. Upper limb

  • Pectoral girdle
  • Axilla
  • Arm
  • Elbow
  • Forearm
  • Hand

4. Lower limb

  • Pelvic girdle
  • Buttocks
  • Hip
  • Thigh
  • Knee
  • Leg
  • Foot

Human Body Vocabulary: External Body Parts | Image

The Human Body Vocabulary: Let’s Explore the Human Body!

  • Eyes are for seeing.
  • Ears are for hearing.
  • The neck joins the head to the body.
  • We work or hold things with our hands.
  • We kneel down on our knees.
  • We smell with our nose.
  • Legs help us to stand straight and walk…

Internal Body Parts

Internal body parts are the parts located inside the body and cannot be seen:

  • Brain
  • Salivary glands
  1. Parotid glands
  2. Submandibular glands
  3. Sublingual glands
  • Pharynx
  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small intestine
  1. Duodenum
  2. Jejunum
  3. Ileum
  • Large intestine
  • Liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Mesentery
  • Pancreas…

Human Body Vocabulary: Anatomy of the Human Brain

Human Body Parts and Internal Body Parts Vocabulary 1

The Human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system. 

The Human brain controls most of the activities of the body, processing, integrating, and coordinating the information it receives from the sense organs, and making decisions as to the instructions sent to the rest of the body.

Human Body Parts Vocabulary: Body Organs #1

Human Body Parts and Internal Body Parts Vocabulary 2

Human Body Parts Vocabulary: Body Organs #2

Human Body Parts and Internal Body Parts Vocabulary 3

Internal Body Parts

When it comes to internal body parts, there are several vital organs that are essential for our survival. In this section, we will discuss some of the major internal body parts that play a crucial role in keeping us healthy.

Heart

The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood throughout our body. It is responsible for supplying oxygen and nutrients to our tissues and organs, and removing waste products. The heart has four chambers – the right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle, and left ventricle. Each chamber has a specific role to play in the circulation of blood.

Lungs

The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system. They are responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. The lungs are divided into lobes – the right lung has three lobes, while the left lung has two. The lungs work in conjunction with the heart to ensure that oxygenated blood is delivered to our tissues and organs.

Liver

The liver is the largest organ in our body and performs a variety of functions. It is responsible for filtering toxins from our blood, producing bile to aid in digestion, storing glucose as glycogen, and producing blood-clotting proteins. The liver is a resilient organ that can regenerate itself, but it is also susceptible to damage from alcohol, drugs, and viruses.

Kidneys

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that filter waste products from our blood and remove them from our body in the form of urine. They also help regulate our body’s fluid balance, electrolyte levels, and blood pressure. Each kidney is made up of millions of tiny filtering units called nephrons.

In conclusion, these internal body parts work together to keep our body functioning properly. It is important to take care of our body by eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and avoiding harmful substances.

Sense Organs

As humans, we have five sense organs that allow us to interact with the world around us. These organs are responsible for our sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.

Eyes

Our eyes are the organs responsible for our sense of sight. They are complex organs that work together to allow us to see the world around us. The eye is made up of several parts, including the cornea, iris, lens, and retina. These parts work together to focus light onto the retina, which then sends signals to the brain, allowing us to see.

Ears

Our ears are the organs responsible for our sense of hearing. They are made up of three parts: the outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear. Sound waves enter the outer ear and travel through the ear canal to the eardrum. The eardrum then vibrates, causing the three tiny bones in the middle ear to vibrate as well. These vibrations are then transmitted to the inner ear, where they are converted into electrical signals that are sent to the brain.

Nose

Our nose is the organ responsible for our sense of smell. It is made up of several parts, including the nostrils, nasal cavity, and olfactory bulb. When we breathe in, air enters our nostrils and travels through the nasal cavity. The olfactory bulb then detects the molecules in the air and sends signals to the brain, allowing us to smell.

Tongue

Our tongue is the organ responsible for our sense of taste. It is covered in tiny bumps called papillae, which contain taste buds. When we eat, the taste buds detect the different flavors of the food and send signals to the brain, allowing us to taste.

Skin

Our skin is the organ responsible for our sense of touch. It is the largest organ in our body and is made up of several layers. Our skin contains receptors that detect different sensations, including pressure, temperature, and pain. These receptors send signals to the brain, allowing us to feel and interact with the world around us.

In conclusion, our sense organs are vital to our ability to interact with the world around us. Each organ plays a unique role in allowing us to see, hear, smell, taste, and touch. By understanding how these organs work, we can better appreciate the incredible complexity of the human body.

The Human Body System

The human body is a complex system made up of various organs and structures that work together to keep us alive and healthy. In this section, we will explore the different systems that make up the human body and their functions.

Circulatory System

The circulatory system is responsible for transporting blood, oxygen, and nutrients throughout the body. This system includes the heart, blood vessels, and blood. The heart pumps blood throughout the body, while the blood vessels carry the blood to different organs and tissues. The blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the cells and removes waste products.

Digestive System

The digestive system is responsible for breaking down food into nutrients that the body can use. This system includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. The mouth and esophagus are responsible for breaking down food into smaller pieces, while the stomach and intestines further break down the food and absorb nutrients.

Respiratory System

The respiratory system is responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. This system includes the nose, trachea, lungs, and diaphragm. The nose and trachea filter and warm the air before it enters the lungs. The lungs then extract oxygen from the air and release carbon dioxide.

Nervous System

The nervous system is responsible for controlling and coordinating all the body’s functions. This system includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. The brain is the control center for the body, while the spinal cord and nerves transmit messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

In conclusion, the human body is an intricate system made up of various organs and structures that work together to keep us alive and healthy. By understanding the different systems that make up the body, we can better appreciate the complexity and beauty of the human body.

ESLBUZZ

Mohammednur

Tuesday 7th of September 2021

Thank you very much

santhosh k

Wednesday 7th of April 2021

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Tamba Raphaƫl Komano

Friday 12th of April 2019

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Denis Humble

Saturday 16th of March 2019

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Er juvraj Singh Chauhan

Sunday 30th of September 2018

Awesome way for learning Very sensitive read way child