The Difference Between ‘So’ and ‘Such’

Though "Such" and "So" have similar meanings, there is a distinct difference between the use of these two words


The main difference between so and such is that so is an adverb while such is a determiner.

In this article, we are going to look at the difference between so and such in details.

How to Use "SO"

1) So + Adjective/ Adverb

Use: To show extreme situation, and is often used in an exclamation.

Example:

  • It's so cold! I wish that I had a warmer coat.
  • It was so hot we couldn’t work.
  • She speaks so softly! It's really difficult to hear her. 
  • She paints so well!

2) So + many/few + plural countable noun

Use: To show extremes in amount.

Example:

  • I never knew you had so many brothers!
  • She has so few friends! It's really quite sad.

3) So + much/little + uncountable noun

Use: To show extremes in amount.

Example:

  • Jame earns so much money! And he still has trouble paying the rent.
  • They have so little food! We need to do something to help them.

4) So + adjective/ adverb...+that…+ result

Use: This shows the result of an extreme situation. The "that" is usually optional.

Example:

  • The teacher speaks so softly that it's really difficult to hear her.

5) So + Much/ Little/ Often/ Rarely

Use: To describe how much or how often someone does an action.

Example:

  • Earl drinks so much! It's not good for his health.
  • My sister visits us so rarely! I really miss her.

How to Use "SUCH"

1) Such a + (adjective) + countable noun

Use: To show emphasis, and is often used in an exclamation.

Example:

  • David has such a big house! I think it's a little ridiculous.
  • They’re such nice kids.

2) Such + (adjective) + uncountable noun

Example:

  • She has such big feet that she has to buy special shoes.
  • She always uses such fresh food.

3) Such + adjective + plural noun

Example:

  • They’re such nice kids.

4) Such (a) + (adj) + noun +…+that…+result

Use: To show certain results of what you are saying.

Example:

  • He is such an idiot that nobody wants to be his friend.

5) Such + noun

Use: "Such" can also mean "this type of..."

Example:

  • I have never seen such a film before. (...this type of film...)
  • The pilot had never flown such an airplane before. (...this type of airplane...)

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The Difference Between ‘So’ and ‘Such’

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