SMS language or texting language is the abbreviated language and slang commonly used with mobile phone text messaging, or other Internet-based communication.
Popular Texting Abbreviations in English
Why do people use SMS language?
Three features of early mobile phone messaging encouraged users to use abbreviations:
- Text entry was difficult, requiring multiple key presses on a small keypad to generate each letter;
- Messages were limited to 160 characters; and
- It made texting faster.
Once it became popular it took on a life of its own and was often used outside of its original context. At its peak, it was the cause of vigorous debate about its potentially detrimental effect on literacy, but with the advent of alphabetic keyboards on smartphones its use, and the controversies surrounding it, have receded and died off.