Reported Speech: Introductory Verbs

Introductory Verbs and how they are used...


1. Verb + to + infinitive

  • Agree    

"Yes, I'll cook for you." 

=> He agree to cook for me.

  • Offer

"Would you like me to carry your baby?"              

=> He offered to carry her baby.

  • Refuse

 "No, I won't buy you a car."         

=> She refused to buy me a car.

  • Demand  

"Tell me the truth."         

=> He demanded to be told the truth.

  • Threaten

"Behave yourself or I'll punish you."        

=> He threatened to punish me if I didn't behave myself.

  • Promise  

"I'll marry you when I return."    

=> He promised to marry her when he returned.

  • Claim

"I heard her say that."   

=> He claimed to have heard her say that.

2. Verb + sb + to + infinitive

  • Advise  

"You should take a coat."             

=> He advised me to take a coat.

  • Ask        

"Could you babysit for me on Friday?"   

=> She asked me to babysit for her on Friday .

  • Allow    

"You can park over there."          

=> He allowed me to park over there

  • Beg      

"Please, please call the police." 

=> She begged me to call the police.

  • Command          

"Drop your weapons!"  

=> He commanded them to drop their weapons.

  • Encourage          

"Go ahead, phone her."              

=. He encouraged me to phone her.

  • Forbid  

"You mustn't eat sweets."           

=> My doctor forbade me to eat sweets.

  • Invite    

"Would you like to come to my house?"                

=> She invited me to go to his house.

  • Want    

"I'd like you to drink a cup of tea."            

=> He wanted me to drink a cup of tea.

  • Instruct                

"Insert coin."     

=> He instructed me to insert coin.

  • Permit  

"You may travel with your friends."         

=> My parents permitted me to travel with my friends.

  • Urge      

"Finish reading the book."           

=> He urged me to finish reading the book.

  • Order    

"Get out of bed!"            

=> She ordered me to get out of bed.

  • Remind                

"Don't forget to take out the garbage." 

=> She reminded me to take out the garbage.

  • Warn    

"Don't go near the oven."            

=> She warned me not to go near the oven.

3. Verb + 'ing' form

  • Admit (to)          

"Yes, I stole her money."              

=> He admitted (to) stealing/having stolen her money.

  • Accuse sb of

"You broke the cup."      

=> She accused me of breaking the cup.

  • Apologise for    

 "I'm sorry I shouted at you."       

=> He apologised for shouting/having shouted at me.

  • Boast about/ of                

"I'm the cleverest of all."              

=> He boasted of/about being the cleverest of all.

  • Complain to sb of            

"I have a toothache."     

=> She complained to me of having a toothache.

  • Deny    

"No, I didn't murder my wife."   

=> He denied murdering/having murdered his wife.

  • Insist on               

"You must wear warm clothes."                

=> She insisted on me/my wearing warm clothes.

  • Suggest                

"Let's go to the theatre."              

=> She suggested going to the theatre.

4. Verb + that + clause

  • Complain            

"You're always late."      

=> She complained that I was always late.

  • Deny    

"I've never flown in an aeroplane."        

=> She denied that she had flown in an aeroplane.

  • Explain  

"It's an easy recipe to follow."    

=> He explained that it was an easy recipe to follow.

  • Exclaim/remark                

"What a beautiful baby he is!"   

=> She exclaimed/remarked that he was a beautiful baby.

  • Promise               

"I promise I'll call you."  

=> She promised that she would call me.

  • Boast     

"I am a brilliant dentist."               

=> He boasted that he was a brilliant dentist.

  • Inform sb            

"You will be called for an interview."       

=> He informed me that I would be called for an interview.

  • Claim    

"I know the answer."     

=> He claimed that he knew the answer.

  • Agree    

"Yes, that is a beautiful hat."       

=> He agreed that it was a beautiful hat.

  • Suggest                

"You ought to take the other road."        

=> He suggested that I (should) take the other road.

5. Explain to somebody how to do something

Example:   

"This is how you make polite conversation."        

=> He explained to me how to make polite conversation

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Reported Speech: Introductory Verbs

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