List of Mathematical Symbols in English

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Let’s Learn Mathematical Symbols in English.

This is a list of common symbols found in all branches of mathematics to express a formula or to represent a constant.

List of Math Symbols in English

+ : Addition or positive

– : Subtraction or negative

x or . : Multiplication

÷ : Division

= : Is equal to

≈ : Is approximately equal to

< : Is less than

> : Is greater than

≤ : Is less than or equal to

≥ : Is greater than or equal to

# : Is not equal to

π : Pi

o : Degree

% : Percent

⦜ : Right angle

∆ : Triangle

√ : Square root

|x| : Absolute value of X

∞ : Infinity

⇔ : Material equivalence

∑ : Sum

∫ : Indefinite

∝ : Is proportional to

~ : Is row equivalent to

≡ : Is congruent to … modulo

( ) : Precedence grouping

→ : Implies; if .. then

⊃ : Propositional logic

± : Plus-minus

∓ : Minus or plus

∣∣ : Is parallel to

∀ : Universal quantification

∂ : Partial derivative

ℕ : Natural numbers

∅ : Empty set

ℙ : The set of prime numbers

ℚ : Rational numbers

ℝ : Real numbers

⊥ : Is perpendicular to

∩ : Intersected with;

σ : Sigma