Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism’s cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth.
A drink or beverage is a liquid intended for human consumption. In addition to their basic function of satisfying thirst, drinks play important roles in human culture.
I. Types of Food
There are many types of food such as Meat, Poultry & Seafoods, Fast Food, Fruits, Vegetables, ...
1. Fast Food
Fast food is a mass-produced food that is prepared and served very quickly. The food is typically less nutritionally valuable compared to other foods and dishes.
Fast food includes:
- Fish and chips
- Fried chicken
- French fries
- Onion ring
- Chicken nugget
- Hot dog
- Ice cream
Learn more: https://7esl.com/fast-food-vocabulary/
2. Types of Bread
Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking. There are many different types of bread:
- White bread
- Wheat bread
- Whole grain bread
- Rye bread
- Hot dog bun
- Hamburger bun
- Swiss roll (U.K) – Jelly roll (U.S)
- French bread/ baguette
Learn more: https://7esl.com/types-of-bread-vocabulary/
Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds. Humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food.
In common language usage, "fruit" normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of a plant that are sweet or sour, and edible in the raw state, such as apples, bananas, grapes, lemons, oranges, and strawberries.
This is list of fruits in English:
- Carambola(U.K) – starfruit (U.S)
Learn more: https://7esl.com/fruits-vocabulary-english/
In everyday usage, a vegetable is any part of a plant that is consumed by humans as food as part of a meal. It normally excludes other food derived from plants such as fruits, nuts, and cereal grains.
List of Vegetables Vocabulary in English:
- Red pepper/red bell pepper
- Swede/rutabaga (U.S.)
- Brussels sprout
- Sweet potato
- Courgette (U.K.)/zucchini (U.S.)
- Green chilli
Learn more: https://7esl.com/vegetables-vocabulary-english/
5. Herbs & Spices
Herbs refers to the leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), they are used for food, flavoring, medicine, or fragrances for their savory or aromatic properties.
A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.
Let's learn names of Herbs and Spices!
- Bay leaves
- Mint leaves
- Spring onions/green onions
Learn more: https://7esl.com/herbs-and-spices-vocabulary/
II. Types of Meals
There are three main meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Breakfast is the first meal of a day, most often eaten in the early morning before undertaking the day's work.
Breakfast menus to exist in most places, but the composition of this varies widely from place to place, and has varied over time, so that globally a very wide range of preparations and ingredients are now associated with breakfast.
Learn more: https://7esl.com/breakfast-vocabulary/
Dinner usually refers to the most significant and important meal of the day, which can be the noon or the evening meal. However, the term "dinner" can have many different meanings depending on the culture; it may mean a meal of any size eaten at any time of the day.
Learn more: https://7esl.com/dinner-vocabulary/
III. Drinks and Beverages
Drinks or beverages are liquids intended for human consumption. Beverages consist of different kinds of drinks that other than water, such as:
- Iced tea
- Hot chocolate
Learn more: https://7esl.com/drinks-beverages-vocabulary/