The first important thing to remember is that some phrasal verbs are separable …
Many phrasal verbs are transitive, meaning that they take an object. There are special rules for using transitive phrasal verbs! Let’s look at them now.
- bring … up – look after and influence a child until he or she is grown up
In my day, children were brought up to respect the law.
- call … up – telephone someone
He called me up to tell me about it.
- calm … down – help someone to relax
We tried to calm people’s fears.
- clean … up – make neat
It took us two or three days to clean it all up.
- drop … off – leave something/ someone
I’ll drop you off on my way home.
- fill … up – make full
Shall I fill the car up?
- get … back – get something again
Did you get your books back?
- give … up – stop
Your singing is beautiful – don’t give it up.
- help … out – help someone because they are busy or have problems
I helped her out when Stella became ill.
- look … up – search
Look the word up in your dictionary.
- make … up – pretend that something is true in order to deceive someone
I think they’re making the whole thing up.
- pick … up – to get something/ someone
Mummy, can you pick me up?
- cheer … up – make a sad person feel happy
Here’s a bit of news that will cheer you up.
- do … over – do something again
If you make too many mistakes, you’ll have to do it over.
- figure … out – find a solution
If I have a map, I can figure it out.
- give … out – give something to each person in a group
Can you give the drinks out, please?
- let … down – not do something that someone trusts or expects you to do
The worst feeling is having let our fans down.
- put … away – put something in the place where it is usually kept
He put his toys away every night.
– save money
We’re putting some money away for expenses.
- throw … away – get rid of something that you do not want or need
I never throw clothes away.
- turn … down – reject or refuse
They offered her the job but she turned it down.
- write … down – write something on paper
This is the address. Do you want to write it down?
- get … up – get out of your bed after sleeping, or to make someone get out of their bed
Get me up at seven, would you?
- give … away – give something to someone because you do not want or need it for yourself
I gave most of my books away when I left college.