How to Talk about Health Problems in English

Health problems can range from minor issues such as a common cold, to more serious conditions such as heart disease and cancer. These problems can have a significant impact on an individual’s quality of life and may require medical attention, lifestyle changes, or medication to manage. Some health problems are caused by genetic factors, while others may be the result of lifestyle choices or environmental factors.

Here, we’ll learn how to talk about health problems in English.

Talk about Health Problems in English

MEDICAL Vocabulary 

Illnesses & Diseases – Health Problems

Here is a list of illnesses in English.

  • Cold
  • Flu
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Stomachache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Allergies
  • Sinus infection
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Emphysema
  • COPD
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Anemia
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia

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Illnesses and Treatments Vocabulary

Here are some diseases in English.

  • Cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Asthma
  • Depression
  • Influenza
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Malaria
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease

Here is the list of treatments vocabulary.

  • Medication
  • Prescription
  • Dosage
  • Side effect
  • Allergy
  • Vaccination
  • Immune system
  • Antibiotic
  • Pain relief
  • Surgery
  • Physical therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Recovery
  • Remission
  • Prognosis
  • Follow-up
  • Check-up
  • Screening
  • Imaging
  • Laboratory test
  • Blood test
  • Urine test

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Medical Practitioners

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  • Cardiologist: A doctor who studies or treats heart diseases
  • Dentist: Someone whose job is to treat people’s teeth
  • General practitioner: A medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients
  • Surgeon: A doctor who does operations in a hospital
  • Obstetrician: A doctor who has special training in obstetrics
  • ENT Specialist: A surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat and related structures of the head and neck
  • Pathologist: A physician/ medical doctor who specialises in pathology, which is the diagnosing of disease using organs, tissue, and body fluids
  • Pediatrician: A doctor who deals with children and their illnesses
  • Podiatrist: A doctor who takes care of people’s feet and treats foot diseases
  • Psychiatrist: A doctor trained in the treatment of mental illness
  • Emergency doctor: A doctor works at an emergency department to care for acutely ill patients
  • Veterinarian: Someone who is trained to give medical care and treatment to sick animals

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Medicine Vocabulary

  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Prescription
  • Over-the-counter
  • Dosage
  • Pill
  • Tablet
  • Capsule
  • Liquid
  • Cream
  • Ointment
  • Injection
  • Infusion
  • Transdermal patch
  • Suppository
  • Nebulizer
  • Inhaler
  • Syringe
  • Dropper

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Medical Supplies and Equipment

  • Bandage
  • Adhesive tape
  • Sterile gauze
  • Cotton balls
  • Cotton swabs
  • Disposable gloves
  • Syringe
  • Needles
  • Scalpels
  • Surgical instruments
  • Stethoscope
  • Blood pressure cuff
  • Thermometer
  • Otoscope
  • Ophthalmoscope
  • Sphygmomanometer
  • Glucometer
  • Nebulizer
  • Inhaler
  • Oxygen mask
  • Oxygen tank
  • Ventilator
  • Intubation tube
  • Tracheostomy tube
  • X-ray machine
  • CT scanner
  • MRI machine
  • PET scanner

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