Grammar: Parts of Speech in English

The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.

There are nine main parts of speech (also know as word classes): noun, pronoun, adjective, article, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction and interjection.

  • Noun    

A noun is the name of a person, place, thing (and animal) or idea.            

For example: dog, cat, elephant, garden, school, work, music, town, Manila, teacher, farmer, Bob, Sean...               

  • Pronoun              

A pronoun is used in place of a noun in a sentence. A pronoun may take place of the name of a person, place or thing.   

For example: he, I, its, me, my, she, that, this, those, us, who, whom, you...      

  • Verb      

A verb can tell what action someone or something is doing. A verb can also express a state of being.       

For example: run, sit, stand, go, have, get, promise, invite, laughed, listen, sing, playing, singing, walk...            

  • Adjective             

An adjective describes a  noun or a pronoun.      

For example: angry, brave, careful, healthy, little, old, generous, red, smart, two, small, tall, some, good, big, useful, interesting...        

  • Adverb

An adverb describes a verb, an adjective or another adverb.       

For example: badly, fully, carefully, hardly, hungrily, never, quickly, silently, quickly, well, very, really, almost...    

  • Article   

The words "a", "an" and "the" belong to a special group of adjectives called articles. An article can be used before a noun in a sentence.       

For example: the dog, the cat, a rabbit, an apple, an ant...          

  • Preposition         

A preposition combines with a noun or pronoun to form a phrase that tells something about another word in a sentence.    

For example: above, except, from, in, near, of, before, since, between, upon, with, to, at, after, on, toward...

  • Conjunction       

A conjunction joins together single words or groups of words in a sentence.       

For example: and, or, so, after, since, before, either, neither, because, unless, but...

  • Interjection        

An interjection expresses strong feeling or emotion. An interjection can be a single word or a phrase.                

For example: ahem!, aha!, gosh!, aw!, great!, hey!, hi!, hooray!, oh!, yeah!, oops!, phew!, eh!, oh!, ouch!, hi!, well!...

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Grammar: Parts of Speech in English

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