English Vocabulary: The Natural World

Learn the Natural World Vocabulary in English.

Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe …

“Nature” can refer to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general. The study of nature is a large part of science. Although humans are part of nature, human activity is often understood as a separate category from other natural phenomena.

Natural World Vocabulary in English

Nature Vocabulary in English – Video

Weather, Natural Disasters, Seasons, Universe, Space & The Natural World – Video

Landscapes Vocabulary

  • cliff

A large area of rock or a mountain with a very steep side, often at the edge of the sea or a river

  • coast

The area where the land meets the sea

  • forest

A large area of land that is covered with trees

  • desert

A large area of land where it is always very dry, there are few plants, and there is a lot of sand or rocks

  • hill

An area of land that is higher than the land around it, like a mountain but smaller

  • island

A piece of land completely surrounded by water

  • valley

An area of lower land between two lines of hills or mountains, usually with a river flowing through it

  • jungle

A thick tropical forest with many large plants growing very close together

  • waterfall

A place where water from a river or stream falls down over a cliff or rock

  • farmland

Land used for farming

  • beach

An area of sand or small stones at the edge of the sea or a lake

  • river

A natural and continuous flow of water in a long line across a country into the sea

  • bridge

a structure built over a river, road, …

  • meadow

A field with wild grass and flowers

  • bay

A part of the sea that is partly enclosed by a curve in the land

  • park

A large open area with grass and trees, especially in a town, where people can walk, play games, …

  • volcano

A mountain with a large hole at the top, through which lava is sometimes forced out

  • path

A track that has been made deliberately or made by many people walking over the same ground

English Vocabulary: The Natural World

Natural Substances Vocabulary

  • sand

A substance consisting of very small pieces of rocks and minerals, that forms beaches and

  • stone

A hard solid mineral substance

  • water

the clear liquid without colour, smell, or taste that falls as rain and that is used for drinking, washing, …

  • mine

a deep hole or holes in the ground that people dig so that they can remove coal, gold, tin, …

  • seashell

The empty shell of a small sea creature

  • mushroom

One of several kinds of fungus with stems and round tops, some of which can be eaten

  • tree

A very tall plant that has branches and leaves, and lives for many years

  • leaf

One of the flat green parts of a plant that are joined to its stem or branches

  • grass

A very common plant with thin leaves that covers the ground in fields and gardens and is often eaten by animals

  • flower

A coloured or white part that a plant or tree produces before fruit or seeds

English Vocabulary: The Natural World 1

Weather Vocabulary

  • cloud

A white or grey mass in the sky that forms from very small drops of water

  • sun
  • moon
  • star

A large ball of burning gas in space that can be seen at night as a point of light in the sky

  • rain

Water that falls in small drops from clouds in the sky

  • lightning

A powerful flash of light in the sky caused by electricity and usually followed by thunder

  • rainbow

A large curve of different colours that can appear in the sky when there is both sun and rain

English Vocabulary: The Natural World 2

Natural Disaster Vocabulary

  • tsunami

A very large wave, caused by extreme conditions such as an earthquake, which can cause a lot of damage when it reaches land

  • tornado

An extremely violent storm consisting of air that spins very quickly and causes a lot of damage

  • flood

A very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry

  • storm

A period of very bad weather when there is a lot of rain or snow, strong winds, and often lightning

  • earthquake

A sudden shaking of the Earth’s surface that often causes a lot of damage

  • ice storm

A type of winter storm characterized by freezing rain, in some parts of the United States, as a silver thaw.

  • hurricane

A storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water

  • volcanic eruption

A volcanic eruption occurs when hot materials are thrown out of a volcano.
English Vocabulary: The Natural World 3

 

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