“Nature” can refer to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general. The study of nature is a large part of science. Although humans are part of nature, human activity is often understood as a separate category from other natural phenomena.
A large area of rock or a mountain with a very steep side, often at the edge of the sea or a river
The area where the land meets the sea
A large area of land that is covered with trees
A large area of land where it is always very dry, there are few plants, and there is a lot of sand or rocks
An area of land that is higher than the land around it, like a mountain but smaller
A piece of land completely surrounded by water
An area of lower land between two lines of hills or mountains, usually with a river flowing through it
A thick tropical forest with many large plants growing very close together
A place where water from a river or stream falls down over a cliff or rock
Land used for farming
An area of sand or small stones at the edge of the sea or a lake
A natural and continuous flow of water in a long line across a country into the sea
a structure built over a river, road, ...
A field with wild grass and flowers
A part of the sea that is partly enclosed by a curve in the land
A large open area with grass and trees, especially in a town, where people can walk, play games, ...
A mountain with a large hole at the top, through which lava is sometimes forced out
A track that has been made deliberately or made by many people walking over the same ground
Natural Substances Vocabulary
A substance consisting of very small pieces of rocks and minerals, that forms beaches and
A hard solid mineral substance
the clear liquid without colour, smell, or taste that falls as rain and that is used for drinking, washing, ...
a deep hole or holes in the ground that people dig so that they can remove coal, gold, tin, ...
The empty shell of a small sea creature
One of several kinds of fungus with stems and round tops, some of which can be eaten
A very tall plant that has branches and leaves, and lives for many years
One of the flat green parts of a plant that are joined to its stem or branches
A very common plant with thin leaves that covers the ground in fields and gardens and is often eaten by animals
A coloured or white part that a plant or tree produces before fruit or seeds
A white or grey mass in the sky that forms from very small drops of water
A large ball of burning gas in space that can be seen at night as a point of light in the sky
Water that falls in small drops from clouds in the sky
A powerful flash of light in the sky caused by electricity and usually followed by thunder
A large curve of different colours that can appear in the sky when there is both sun and rain
Natural Disaster Vocabulary
A very large wave, caused by extreme conditions such as an earthquake, which can cause a lot of damage when it reaches land
An extremely violent storm consisting of air that spins very quickly and causes a lot of damage
A very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry
A period of very bad weather when there is a lot of rain or snow, strong winds, and often lightning
A sudden shaking of the Earth’s surface that often causes a lot of damage
- ice storm
A type of winter storm characterized by freezing rain, in some parts of the United States, as a silver thaw.
A storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water
- volcanic eruption
A volcanic eruption occurs when hot materials are thrown out of a volcano.