English Vocabulary: Parts of the Human Body

The human body is the entire structure of a human being. It is made up of many different parts...


There are those parts located outside (external body parts) and others located inside the body (internal body parts) :

  • Head
  • Ear
  • Face
  • Neck
  • Arm
  • Elbow
  • Forearm
  • Pharynx
  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
  • Jejunum
  • Ileum
  • Large intestine
  • Liver
  • Thigh
  • Knee
  • Leg
  • Foot…

These internal and external body parts have various functions in the body, such as digestion, excretion, breathing, circulation,reproduction.

Parts of the Head:

  • Hair

The mass of things like fine threads that grows on your head.

  • Temple

One of the two fairly flat areas on each side of your forehead.

  • Ear

One of the organs on either side of your head that you hear with.

  • Ear lobe

The soft piece of flesh at the bottom of your ear.

  • Cheek

The soft round part of your face below each of your eyes.

  • Mouth

The part of your face which you put food into, or which you use for speaking.

  • Forehead

The part of your face above your eyes and below your hair.

  • Eye

One of the two parts of the body that you use to see with.

  • Nose

The part of a person’s or animal’s face used for smelling or breathing.

  • Nostril

One of the two holes at the end of your nose, through which you breathe and smell things.

  • Chin

The front part of your face below your mouth.


Parts of the Eye:

  • Eyebrow

The line of hair above your eye.

  • Eyelid

A piece of skin that covers your eye when it is closed.

  • Eyelash

One of the small hairs that grow along the edge of your eyelids.

  • Iris

The round coloured part of your eye, that surrounds the black pupil.

  • Pupil

The small black round area in the middle of your eye.

  • Cornea

The transparent protective covering on the outer surface of your eye.

  • White

The white part of your eye.


Parts of the Mouth:

  • Lip

One of the two soft parts around your mouth where your skin is redder or darker.

  • Tongue

The soft part inside your mouth that you can move about and use for eating and speaking.

  • Molar

One of the large teeth at the back of the mouth that are used for breaking up food.

  • Palate

The roof of your mouth.

  • Teeth

The hard white objects in your mouth that you use to bite and eat food.

  • Uvula

A small soft piece of flesh which hangs down from the top of your mouth at the back.

  • Gum

Your gums are the two areas of firm pink flesh at the top and bottom of your mouth, in which your teeth are fixed.


Parts of the Hand

  • Nail

Your nails are the hard smooth layers on the ends of your fingers.

  • Middle finger

The longest finger on your hand.

  • Ring finger

The finger, next to the smallest finger on your hand, that you traditionally wear your wedding ring on.

  • Little finger

The smallest finger on your hand.

  • Palm

The inside surface of your hand, in which you hold things.

  • Wrist

The part of your body where your hand joins your arm.

  • Forefinger

The finger next to your thumb.

  • Knuckle

Your knuckles are the joints in your fingers, including the ones where your fingers join your hands.

  • Thumb

The part of your hand that is shaped like a thick short finger and helps you to hold things.

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Comments 2

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  1. Very important. I learned many things of the human body if I have all the parts, don’t know the names except main parts. Thanks again.

English Vocabulary: Parts of the Human Body

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