English Vocabulary: Laboratory Equipment and Scientific Instruments

Laboratory equipment refers to the various tools and equipment used by scientists working in a laboratory...


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Laboratory equipment refers to the various tools and equipment used by scientists working in a laboratory. Laboratory equipment is generally used to either perform an experiment or to take measurements and gather data.

Larger or more sophisticated equipment is generally called a scientific instrument. Both laboratory equipment and scientific instruments are increasingly being designed and shared using open hardware principles.

Laboratory Equipment and Scientific Instruments

List of some common laboratory equipment & scientific instruments:

  • Accelerator – a machine used in scientific research that makes particles (=parts of atoms) move faster
  • Beaker – a glass or plastic container with straight sides that is used in a laboratory
  • Bell jar – a piece of equipment that is made of glass and shaped like a bell, used to surround other equipment during scientific experiments
  • Boiling tube – a glass container used in scientific experiments, consisting of a wide tube that is open at one end only. Boiling tubes are similar to test tubes but they are larger.
  • Bunsen burner – a piece of equipment that produces a gas flame, used for scientific experiments in a laboratory
  • Burette – a glass tube marked with a scale and with a tap at the bottom. It is used in laboratories for allowing a small measured amount of a liquid to flow into something.
  • Centrifuge – a machine that uses centrifugal force to separate heavier substances from lighter ones by spinning them round in a container
  • Condenser – a piece of equipment that changes gases into liquids
  • Electron microscope – a very powerful microscope that uses waves of electrons instead of light
  • Filter – an object or piece of equipment that allows you to remove solid parts that are not wanted from a liquid or gas
  • Incubator – a piece of equipment used for keeping eggs, cells, or microorganisms at a particular temperature
  • Microscope – a piece of equipment for looking at things that are too small to see normally
  • Test tube – a long thin glass container that is open at one end and is used in laboratories

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English Vocabulary: Laboratory Equipment and Scientific Instruments

English Vocabulary: Laboratory Equipment and Scientific Instruments 14

English Vocabulary: Laboratory Equipment and Scientific Instruments 15

English Vocabulary: Laboratory Equipment and Scientific Instruments 16


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