English Vocabulary: Different Types of Doctors

When we have health issues we go to the doctor...


This lesson introduces English vocabulary for different types of doctors who are specialized in different fields

  • anesthesiologist

A doctor who gives anaesthetics to a patient

  • cardiologist

A doctor who studies or treats heart diseases

  • dentist

Someone whose job is to treat people’s teeth

  • endocrinologist

A specially trained doctor who has a basic training in Internal Medicine as well

  • General practitioner

A medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients

  • microbiologist

A scientist who studies microscopic life forms and processes

  • nephrologist

A physician who studies and deals with nephrology

  • surgeon

A doctor who does operations in a hospital

  • obstetrician

A doctor who has special training in obstetrics

  • ENT Specialist

A surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat and related structures of the head and neck

  • parasitologist

A scientist who studies parasites and their biology and pathology, such as the parasitic diseases caused by them

  • pathologist

A physician/ medical doctor who specialises in pathology, which is the diagnosing of disease using organs, tissue, and body fluids

  • pediatrician

A doctor who deals with children and their illnesses

  • podiatrist

A doctor who takes care of people’s feet and treats foot diseases





  • psychiatrist

A doctor trained in the treatment of mental illness

  • rheumatologist

An internist or pediatrician who received further training in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disease and systemic autoimmune conditions commonly referred to as rheumatic diseases

  • urologist

A doctor who treats conditions relating to the urinary system and men’s sexual organs

  • emergency doctor

A doctor works at an emergency department to care for acutely ill patients

  • veterinarian

Someone who is trained to give medical care and treatment to sick animals

  • optometrist

Someone who tests people’s eyes and orders glasses for them

  • radiologist

A hospital doctor who is trained in the use of radiation to treat people

  • coroner

An official whose job is to discover the cause of someone’s death, especially if they died in a sudden or unusual way


  • analyst

someone whose job is to think about something carefully in order to understand it, and often to advise other people about it

  • chiropractor

Someone who treats physical problems using chiropractic

  • clinician

A doctor who treats and examines people, rather than one who does research

  • consultant (British English)

A hospital doctor of a very high rank who has a lot of knowledge about a particular area of medicine

  • dermatologist

A doctor who treats people who have skin diseases

  • flying doctor

A doctor, especially in Australia, who goes by plane to visit sick people who live a long way from the nearest town

  • gynaecologist

A doctor who treats medical conditions and diseases that affect women and their reproductive organs

  • health professional

Someone such as a doctor, nurse, dentist etc, whose job involves people’s health

  • herbalist

Someone who grows, sells, or uses herbs, especially to treat illness

  • obstetrician

A doctor who has special training in obstetrics

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English Vocabulary: Different Types of Doctors

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