English Vocabulary: Different Parts of a House

A house is a building that functions as a home, ranging from simple dwellings such as rudimentary huts of nomadic tribes and the improvised shacks in shantytowns...

  • Chimney – The large protective ventilation area for smoke normally from a fireplace .
  • Apron – Larger decorative trim boards and moldings below windows.
  • Gable – The triangular part of a wall where roof pitches meet and come to a peak.
  • Ridge – The top peak of a gable roof running horizontally where two sloping sides meet.
  • Hip – A downward sloping junction of the roof where sloping sides meet. This occurs on pitched roofs with sloping planes that join along their sides, like the edges of a pyramid.
  • Rake – The rake is the outer slanting edge of a gable roof end that runs from the ridge to the eave.
  • Drip Edge – A metal strip edge extending beyond the roof that directs water outward and prevents water from curling back over the shingles.
  • Eave – The overhanging area of the roof that extends beyond the house to keep rain water away from the lower part of the home.
  • Soffit –  Covering for the underside of the eave, often vented.
  • Box End – The end cap to finish off the soffit and fascia at the gable wall.
  • Trim – Decorative board around the edges of windows and doors.
  • Header – Larger decorative trim boards and moldings above windows and doors.
  • Dormer – An extra wall area that extends out from the roof plane often containing a window.
  • Porch – An open front extension around the entrance of the home, normally covered.
  • Column – Vertical posts which hold up roof extensions, often covered with decorative features.
  • Railing – Fencing or barrier with small posts, rails, often around an open part of the house like a deck or porch.
  • ...

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English Vocabulary: Different Parts of a House

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