A house is a building that functions as a home, ranging from simple dwellings such as rudimentary huts of nomadic tribes and the improvised shacks in shantytowns…
Parts of a House Vocabulary – Video
- Chimney – The large protective ventilation area for smoke normally from a fireplace .
- Apron – Larger decorative trim boards and moldings below windows.
- Gable – The triangular part of a wall where roof pitches meet and come to a peak.
- Ridge – The top peak of a gable roof running horizontally where two sloping sides meet.
- Hip – A downward sloping junction of the roof where sloping sides meet. This occurs on pitched roofs with sloping planes that join along their sides, like the edges of a pyramid.
- Rake – The rake is the outer slanting edge of a gable roof end that runs from the ridge to the eave.
- Drip Edge – A metal strip edge extending beyond the roof that directs water outward and prevents water from curling back over the shingles.
- Eave – The overhanging area of the roof that extends beyond the house to keep rain water away from the lower part of the home.
- Soffit – Covering for the underside of the eave, often vented.
- Box End – The end cap to finish off the soffit and fascia at the gable wall.
- Trim – Decorative board around the edges of windows and doors.
- Header – Larger decorative trim boards and moldings above windows and doors.
- Dormer – An extra wall area that extends out from the roof plane often containing a window.
- Porch – An open front extension around the entrance of the home, normally covered.
- Column – Vertical posts which hold up roof extensions, often covered with decorative features.
- Railing – Fencing or barrier with small posts, rails, often around an open part of the house like a deck or porch.