English Tenses: Past Simple and Present Perfect

Learn the difference between Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense with useful grammar rules and examples.

The present perfect can cause a lot of confusion for English learners because it is actually used in several different ways.

Past Simple and Present Perfect

Simple Past Tense

Form:  

Subject + regular verb-ed or irregular verb (V2 form, Past Simple)

Use:

  • Finished time

We lived Japan in from 1995-1998. (a time period that started and ended in the past)

  • Definite time

I saw the Eiffel Tower in 2007.

  • Series of finished actions

First, he read book and then he watched movie.

  • Repeated actions

He went to the cinema every weekend last year.

Time phrases:

  • yesterday
  • ago
  • last
  • in 1994, etc.
  • in the 20th century,etc.
  • in July, etc.
  • on Monday, etc.

Present Perfect Tense

Form:

Subject + regular verb-ed or irregular verb (V3 form, Past Participle)

Use:

  • Unfinished time

I’ve worked as a teacher since 2011. (a time period that started in the past, and continues until now)

  • Indefinite time

I have seen the Eiffel Tower.

  • Experience

Have you ever seen this movie?

  • Result

She has already watched this movie 3 times.

Time Phrases:

  • already
  • just
  • yet
  • ever
  • never
  • for
  • since

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Shrikanth Nashipudi
Shrikanth Nashipudi
1 year ago

Available app ?

Adela
Adela
10 months ago

Thanks first. It is a simple, organized and complete information.
TO the point.i love that.
It conviced me at once.

Tam
Tam
6 months ago

Thank you, it was very useful. However, the poster has a slip, the form for the present perfect should be S + have/has + past participle.

mercedes oliart
mercedes oliart
5 months ago

Great!!!

Dhamchoe
Dhamchoe
4 months ago

great learning material.Gaining lots of confidence.Thank you for your humanitarion acts.

Guitar
Guitar
4 months ago

Bruh

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