English Grammar: Forming Adverbs from Adjectives

Many adverbs are formed from adjectives and end in -ly.


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Many adverbs are formed from adjectives and end in -ly. Here are some rules/tips to help you form adverbs from adjectives and spell them correctly.

Forming Adverbs from Adjectives

Rule 1

In most cases, an adverb is formed by adding “-ly” to an adjective:

For examples:

  • cheap -cheaply
  • quick – quickly
  • slow – slowly
  • anxious – anxiously
  • calm – calmly
  • brave – bravely
  • careful – carefully
  • careless – carelessly
  • certain – certainly
  • correct  – correctly
  • curious – curiously
  • eager – eagerly
  • excited – excitedly
  • extreme – extremely
  • fortunate – fortunately
  • furious  – furiously
  • generous – generously
  • glad – gladly
  • honest  – honestly
  • immediate – immediately
  • jealous – jealously

forming adverbs

forming adverbs

forming adverbs of manner

adverbs from adjectives

Rule 2

If the adjective ends with “y”, replace the “y” with an “i” and add “-ly”:

For examples:

  • ready – readily
  • merry – merrily
  • easy – easily
  • angry – angrily
  • busy – busily
  • happy – happily
  • hungry  – hungrily
  • lazy – lazily
  • noisy – noisily

forming adverbs

Rule 3

If the adjective ends with “-le”, replace “e” at the end with “y”:

For examples:

  • understandable – understandbly
  • forcible – forcibly
  • gentle – gently
  • possible – possibly

adjectives and adverbs

Rule 4

If the adjectives ends with “-ic”, add “-ally”:

For examples:

  • Idiotic – idiotically
  • Tragic – tragically
  • Basic –  basically

Excepting:

  • public – publicly

adverbs in english

Rule 5

Some adjectives do not change form at all:

  • fast – fast
  • hard – hard
  • late – late
  • early – early
  • monthly – monthly
  • daily – daily
  • near – near
  • far – far
  • right – right
  • wrong – wrong
  • straight – straight
  • low – low
  • high – high

adverbs in english

forming adverbs from adjectives

Forming Adverbs from Adjectives | Image

Adverbs from Adjectives


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