Informal contractions are short forms of other words that people use when speaking casually.
They are not exactly slang, but they are a little like slang.
For example, "gonna" is a short form of "going to". If you say "going to" very fast, without
carefully pronouncing each word, it can sound like "gonna".
Please remember that these are informal contractions. That means that we do not use them in
"correct" speech, and we almost never use them in writing. (If you see them in writing, for
example in a comic strip, that is because the written words represent the spoken words or
dialogue.) We normally use them only when speaking fast and casually, for example with
friends. Some people never use them, even in informal speech.
It is probably true to say that informal contractions are more common in American English.
Also note that, unlike normal contractions, we do not usually use apostrophes (') with informal
contractions when written.
- What are you going to do?
- Whatcha going to do?
- Whatcha gonna do?
- Do you want a beer?
- Do you wanna beer?
- D'you wanna beer?
- D'ya wanna beer?
- Ya wanna beer?
- Wanna beer?
These informal contractions are not "correct" English. Do not use them in a written exam, for
example, except in appropriate situations.
- ain't = am not/are not/is not
I ain't sure.
You ain't my boss.
- ain't = has not/have not
I ain't done it.
She ain't finished yet.